Imagine having an idea for an app, and you could simply sit down and proceed to work on it. That’s a software engineer’s superpower. If you are someone who likes problem-solving, creating, and coding, then becoming a software engineer will not be a complex process to undertake. 

In this article, we will introduce the main steps on how to become a software engineer. Let’s dive in. 

What Is Software Engineering?

Software engineering is a discipline of computer science that focuses on creating, developing, and supporting complex computer programs. Software engineers apply engineering rules to the development of software. They analyze and update current software and develop, construct, and test programs that match user requirements using software programming languages. 

Software engineering is primarily a set made up of two main components; the software and the engineering. Software is a collection of codes, data, and triggers that performs a particular function and meets a specific need.

On the other hand, engineering includes the best practices possible to help the development of a software product. Software developers help businesses provide better online experiences for their staff and customers.

How to Become a Software Engineer


This section will give an insight into the qualifications you need to be a software engineer. 

Becoming a software engineer requires considerable devotion to developing the necessary technical abilities and expertise. You’ll also need to have some work experience, put together a portfolio, and apply for a job. Keep in mind that, as long as you have a goal in mind, with a little effort, you can achieve everything.

Plan your career path

Early targeted area selection enables software developers to find a suitable match and progress in their careers. Testing, modeling/simulation, and game development are just some areas software engineers can choose from and specialize in. However, this step is not necessary if you think it suits you better to plan a career path during the studying years.

However, it is suggested that the earlier you plan your career path, the better and easier it will be for you to succeed in the market. Something you should consider is your areas of strength and interests. Once you decide about such a decision, you are good to go. 

Enroll in a degree program 

One of the most important steps of this process is enrolling in a degree program. This is where you will get in touch for the first time with the majority of new terms and ideas that later on will transform into a set of skills that will help you become the best in this profession. 

Most full-time software engineer occupations require a bachelor’s degree. A bachelor’s degree is the minimum educational requirement for many positions in today’s market. Employers are likely to favor people with a bachelor’s degree over those with less education for employment where one is not needed. This applies even when employers utilize the benefits of outsourcing software development.

The completion of this step will open many doors for you. Now you must be wondering, ‘How long does it take to become a Software Engineer?’ Well, program years vary by university, but you can generally expect it to take about four years to complete. 

Gain internship experience


An internship will allow you exploration and improvement in your particular field while also learning new skills. This valuable experience will make you stand out from other applicants when applying for a job. That is because an internship tells the employer that you are very well equipped both with the skillset required and the desire for work. An internship program will help you build a professional network, which will contribute to a boost of your professional career. 

Pick your specialty 

In general, there are two types of software engineering specializations: applications and software development. At a high level, software engineering covers the whole software development process. It looks at the complete cycle rather than just how to code. SaaS application development is even more specialized, concentrating on programs with a graphical view. 

However, within each of these domains, there are various areas of practice. Software developers might even specialize in a single programming language or development method. Feel free to choose whatever fits you best. 

Get certified 


Certifications generally demonstrate that you are dedicated to improving your knowledge and abilities in your profession. A high-value certification guarantees that you have up-to-date knowledge and skills in your field. A professional certification adds up to your experience and helps you stand out in the job market and exhibit specific knowledge.

Continue your education

Continuing education sometimes results in a raise or a better beginning wage when starting a new job. Whether you get a raise or promotion at your present work or qualify for a new position with a higher salary, continuing your education undoubtedly provides many benefits.

As a software engineer, you can progress to a project manager who oversees the software development process with expertise. For higher positions, a master’s degree may be necessary. That can help you get the leadership and management abilities you need to progress in your career.

Build your portfolio 

A portfolio is basically a ‘show,’ not just a ‘tell’ for demonstrating your competencies. During a job hunt, the portfolio shows potential employers your work. It proves your relevant strengths and expertise. Usually, you can begin to develop a portfolio during your studying years. A beginner’s portfolio usually includes class assignments, internship projects, and freelancing work.

Since your portfolio reflects your accomplishments and attributes, make sure it is well organized and makes you stand out. 

Apply for jobs


The last step in becoming a software engineer is applying for jobs. Now that you are all accomplished with the theoretical and practical knowledge of software engineering, and presumably, your portfolio is one of the unique ones (we believe that will be your case), you are ready to apply for a job. 

You will be lucky when you start this journey, considering that there is a considerable amount of job opportunities available for software engineers, with 4312 current job vacancies in Switzerland.

Software Engineer Salary 


In Switzerland, the average salary for a Software Engineer is 93,991 CHF. As a beginner software engineer with less than one year of experience, you can expect to make approximately an amount of 83,784 CHF. However, as you progress and get more experience, you can earn an average amount of 128,817 CHF in your late career. 

The Bottom Line

Overall,  software engineering is a wonderful career in almost every way, including compensation, the number of job vacancies, and general job fulfillment. It would be best to keep in mind that the other steps will be easy to complete as long as you are motivated to get a degree. 

The tech industry, especially software, experiences continuous changes, so you must always be on track with the changes, which will keep you entertained. 

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