In an increasingly digital and interconnected world, choosing a career path in the technology sector has never been more appealing. Two prominent fields that stand out are Cyber Security and Computer Science. Both offer promising career prospects and the opportunity to work on the cutting edge of technology. However, they each have distinct focuses and objectives, requiring different sets of skills and areas of study.

This article aims to provide a thorough comparison of Cyber Security vs. Computer Science, delving into their differences, similarities, and the potential career paths in each field. As we explore each discipline, you’ll gain insight into which might align best with your interests and long-term career goals. Let’s embark on this journey of understanding and comparison.

Cyber Security vs. Computer Science:  Differences 

Before moving into the specifics of computer science and cyber security, this section will shortly summarize the key differences between the two and ease your dilemma on computer science vs. cyber security.  

  • Different focus/curriculums: Programs in cyber security will prepare you for online security, risk compliance, security awareness, and similar, whereas in computer science programs, you will learn more about the application, software, and computer development. 
  • Different career opportunities: With a cybersecurity specialization, you will qualify for security-related positions, including security engineer, security architect, information security specialist or analyst, and similar. On the other hand, a computer science background will lead you to professions such as application development, software engineering, data analysis, and similar professions. 
  • Different wages: The sections on salaries given below will answer your potential dilemma on cyber security vs. computer science. It will be demonstrated that both fields translate into lucrative wages, with some cyber security professions paying slightly higher than the computer science ones. 

What Is Cyber Security?

Cybersecurity is also known as information technology security or electronic information security. Cyber security refers to the practice of protecting critical information and systems from potential cyber-attacks, whether the ones originating from inside or outside the company or organization. 

In the contemporary landscape, where the demand for online solutions such as secure survey software, remote work tools, or e-commerce platforms, cybersecurity is on the rise, the role of cybersecurity has become pivotal in society. In this context, the role of cybersecurity is to thwart hackers from gaining access to our online bank accounts and other essential data. 

Cyber security applies in various forms, including but not limited to: 

  • Network security: aims to protect a computer network from intruders, such as targeted attackers or opportunistic malware. 
  • Information security: protects the integrity and privacy of information during storage and transit. 
  • Application security: intends to keep the software and other devices free from attacks. 
  • Operational security: consists of the processes and decisions needed for handling and protecting data assets. 

Education requirements

The question of whether a cyber degree is a must to exercise the profession is a bit difficult to answer. Like in any other information technology branch, one can secure entry-level job positions without a college degree, of course, provided that they possess a set of relevant IT security certifications or some previous experience in the field. 

However, when it comes to advancing to higher positions, a bachelor’s degree and even more a master’s will make a difference. Indeed, this will mostly depend on the companies’ employment criteria and policies, but in general, skills and knowledge gained through a bachelor’s or even master’s degree might prove strongly necessary for companies specializing in developing and implementing security systems, where even one error might lead to severe data loss and potentially even financial ruin. Thus, most companies set strict educational requirements to minimize such occurrences. 

Job prospects

career-pathTo begin with, cybersecurity is a lucrative, growing industry, offering countless employment opportunities. In this regard, a cyber security background will enable you to access numerous career opportunities, including engaging in the capacity of:

  • Information security analyst
  • Information security specialist
  • Digital forensic examiner
  • It auditor
  • Security systems administrator
  • Security engineer
  • Security architect
  • Cryptography engineer
  • Cyber security manager, and more. 

Salary range

Salaries in cyber security are pretty lucrative. Check below the average salaries of some of the professions mentioned above.


To excel in cybersecurity, you need to develop a set of hard and soft skills. Some of the hard skills required include: 

  • The basics of computer science, 
  • Great command of at least one programming language such as Java, C#, C++, PHP, or similar, 
  • Knowledge of SIEM, which stands for Security Information and Event Management, 
  • Knowledge of Cisco hardware and software, 
  • Familiarity with Mitre Att&ck framework, 
  • Extensive knowledge of UNIX, Linux, and Windows operating systems and similar.

On the other hand, some of the soft skills that are essential for professionals in the field include:

  • Critical thinking, 
  • Creative and technical problem-solving skills,
  • Great communication skills,
  • Great listening skills,
  • Attention to detail,
  • Adaptability, and flexibility. 

What Is Computer Science?

cyber-security-vs-computer-science-key-differences.3.jpgComputer science is a broad and relatively complex field, meaning that there are countless things to be explored for the rest of our lives. At its very essence, it deals with different software systems and helps in learning about potential problems, seeking to prevent them, and ultimately solving them. Click here to learn more about this fascinating field.

Education requirements

As already indicated, IT-related professions may also be exercised with relevant certification. However, it is worth emphasizing that with a bachelor’s and even more a master’s in the field, you will have the opportunity to get extensive knowledge and skills in dealing with computer science problems. 

Apart from that, you will touch on different fields, which will help you assess your skills and interests and facilitate your specialization choice. Indeed, your employment opportunities in higher positions may also depend on the level of education in the field, especially in companies with strict employment policies. 

Job prospects

There is a promising job outlook in computer science since smartphones and computers are an undivided part of our lives nowadays. The demand for professionals in computer science is constantly growing, so there are countless opportunities for the latter to engage in different areas of computer science, including applications development, software engineering, data analysis, IT consulting, and many others. 

In terms of organizations, there is a place for computer engineers almost everywhere. As such, they may find themselves engaged in the government, the healthcare industry, and the private sector or even start their own business. 

It is crucial to note that computer science is the fifth-largest sector in Switzerland, which amounts to about 5% of the country’s wealth. So, pursuing such a career in Switzerland is definitely worth it. 

Salary range

Computer science is one of the most paying careers in Switzerland. More specifically: 

  • An IT system architect pursuing a career in Switzerland earns an average salary of CHF 121,000. This is one of the highest salaries in Switzerland.
  • A software engineer is, on average, paid CHF 94,294, which falls in the top 14 highest-paying careers. 
  • Further, an app developer earns approximately CHF 82,237. 
  • A data analyst, on average, makes CHF 87,525 per year.
  • An IT consultant reaches an annual average of CHF 96,152. 


Like in cyber security, to excel in computer science, you will need to develop a set of essential hard and soft skills that include but are not limited to hard skills such as:

  • Knowledge of programming languages such as C, C++, GO, JavaScript, Python, Swift, Ruby, PowerShell,
  • Data analysis,
  • Technical writing skills,
  • Excellent knowledge of SQL, Statistics, or Python, 
  • Knowledge of cloud platforms such as AWS, Google Cloud, and Microsoft Azure. 

Some of the soft skills needed involve:

  • Time management, 
  • Effective communication,
  • Problem-solving,
  • Critical thinking,
  • Creativity, 
  • Attention to detail. 

Work-Life Balance and Job Satisfaction

The technology sector, encompassing both Cyber Security and Computer Science professions, is known for its dynamic and sometimes demanding nature. However, it also presents opportunities for flexibility that many other sectors don’t.

With the rise of remote work tools and platforms, many tech professionals now enjoy the luxury of working from home or choosing flexible hours, thereby striking a better work-life balance.

This flexibility, combined with the typically high compensation packages and the intrinsic reward of working on cutting-edge projects, often leads to higher job satisfaction rates compared to other industries.

That said, like any field, there are challenges. The fast-paced nature of the tech world can sometimes mean longer work hours, especially when dealing with time-sensitive issues like security breaches or software bugs.

Burnout is a recognized issue in the sector. Recognizing this, many leading tech companies and startups are placing a strong emphasis on employee well-being, offering benefits like wellness programs, unlimited vacation policies, and mental health resources.

In a nutshell, while the tech sector can be demanding, it’s also at the forefront of championing a balanced work-life paradigm.

Emerging Trends and Innovations

In the rapidly evolving landscape of technology, both Cyber Security and Computer Science are witnessing groundbreaking innovations and trends. In the realm of Cyber Security, the integration of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning is paving the way for more advanced threat detection and response mechanisms.

Predictive analytics, enabled by AI, can now forecast potential security breaches based on patterns, offering a proactive approach to cyber defense. Additionally, the emergence of Quantum Computing promises to revolutionize encryption methods, potentially rendering current cryptographic systems obsolete and calling for a new era of quantum-resistant security protocols, especially with the complexities of loading quantum data.

The technology sector, encompassing both Cyber Security and Computer Science professions, is known for its dynamic and sometimes demanding nature. With an increasing trend, many companies are outsourcing IT tasks to manage workloads efficiently and tap into specialized expertise without the need for in-house teams.

However, it also presents opportunities for flexibility that many other sectors don’t. With the rise of remote work tools and platforms, many tech professionals now enjoy the luxury of working from home or choosing flexible hours, thereby striking a better work-life balance.

This flexibility, combined with the typically high compensation packages and the intrinsic reward of working on cutting-edge projects, often leads to higher job satisfaction rates compared to other industries.

What Do Experts Think?

According to Kris Nicolaou from Brain Box Labs, cybersecurity is a pressing issue that needs a confluence of cybersecurity and computer science knowledge.

“Due to the lack of secure products, hackers have an easier time stealing data from companies and exploiting them. Companies began implementing secure SDLC processes to reduce security risks and give customers security assurance.”

The Bottom Line

Now that you are more familiar with different aspects of cyber security and computer science, including education requirements, skills, career opportunities, and salaries, we hope it is easier for you to make a well-informed decision on your future career. 

Ultimately, it always comes down to your interests, skills, and professional objectives. Indeed, the choice is not easy, so consider and study the crucial aspects of the two degrees explained in this article.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What is the main difference between Cyber Security and Computer Science?

A: While both fields involve computers, their focus areas are different. Computer Science is a broad field that covers all aspects of computer systems, including design, development, and analysis. On the other hand, Cyber Security specifically focuses on protecting systems, networks, and data from digital attacks.

Q: What kind of jobs can I get with a degree in Cyber Security?

A: A Cyber Security degree can lead to roles such as Information Security Analyst, Cyber Security Consultant, Forensic Computer Analyst, Security Architect, and Penetration Tester, among others.

Q: How do the salaries compare between Cyber Security and Computer Science professions?

A: Salaries can vary based on specific job, location, level of experience, and the industry. Both fields tend to offer competitive salaries, with certain specialized roles in Cyber Security often commanding high salaries due to the increasing demand.

Q: Which degree is better if I want to work in data protection?

A: If your main interest is in data protection, a Cyber Security degree would be more suitable as it specifically focuses on protecting data and systems from cyber threats.

Q: Which degree requires more programming, Cyber Security, or Computer Science?

A: Generally, a Computer Science degree would involve more programming as it’s central to the study of creating software and computer applications. However, some programming knowledge can also be beneficial in Cyber Security for understanding vulnerabilities and creating security scripts.

Q: How do the educational paths differ for Cyber Security and Computer Science?

A: A Computer Science degree generally provides a broad foundation in areas like programming, algorithms, and data structures. Cyber Security education, on the other hand, tends to be more specialized and may include subjects like cryptography, network security, and digital forensics.

Q: Can I transition from a career in Computer Science to Cyber Security, or vice versa?

A: Yes, there’s overlap between the two fields, and it’s possible to transition between them. For instance, a background in Computer Science can provide a solid foundation for moving into a Cyber Security role.

Q: Is practical experience important in both fields?

A: Yes, practical experience, such as internships or project work, is valuable in both Cyber Security and Computer Science, helping to develop real-world skills and making graduates more attractive to employers.

Q: Which field is more suitable if I’m interested in artificial intelligence?

A: If you’re interested in artificial intelligence, a degree in Computer Science would be more suitable, as it often involves the study of algorithms, machine learning, and related areas that are central to AI.


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